Dark circles are rings around eyes which occur due to darkening of skin in area under eyes. Though most common among adults, dark circles can affect anyone at any age. As one grows old the skin around eyes lose collagen and thins down. This leads to appearance of darker area around eyes. Dark circles give one a tired and unhealthy appearance. Dark circles may occur due to several factors and in most cases dark circles are due to deficiencies/ underlying health issues. At times dark circles do not disappear for a long time and this may happen due to anaemia / dehydration. Under eye circles may be accompanied by other symptoms such as
Anxiety, Fatigue due to lack of sleep
Rash/Itchiness of skin due to allergy
Pain in the facial area due to Sinusitis
Eczema due to allergy
Puffy bags/ swelling
Extreme headache due to sinus
Other symptoms accompanying dark circles which may indicate extreme, serious underlying conditions include:
Wheezing and difficulty in breathing
Redness around eyes
Continuous itching of mouth/throat
Inability to maintain normal eye movements/change in vision.
Swelling/bleeding of nose
High body temperature
Under these conditions one should rush immediately to the emergency room.
Causes of dark circles include stress, dehydration, anaemia, genetic factors, allergies, malnutrition, orbital/peri-orbital cellulitis, trauma, eye surgery, habit of rubbing or scratching eyes, facial surgery, fracture of face/skull, consumption of birth control pills/other medicines, alcoholism, smoking, high caffeine intake, prolonged exposure to sun.
Natural Cure of Dark Circles:
Cucumber Slices for Dark Circles: Place cold cucumber slices over eyes and rest for fifteen to twenty minutes.This helps in reducing puffiness and dark circles. Follow this every day.
Potato for Dark Circles: Place grated raw potatoes over eyes and leave for fifteen to twenty minutes. Wash off with cool water. Potatoes contain natural bleaching agent which helps in lightening dark circles.
Mint for Dark Circles: A paste prepared by grinding fresh mint leaves should be applied around dark circles and kept for fifteen to twenty minutes every day. This will help in getting rid of dark circles at a fast pace.
Tomato Turmeric Lemon pack for Dark Circles: Prepare a paste of tomato (1 tsp), lemon juice (1 tsp), Gram flour (1 tsp) and a pinch of turmeric powder. Apply this paste around dark circles and leave for 10 minutes. Wash off after 10 minutes. This pack will help in lightening dark circles.
Almond for Dark Circles: Massage dark circles gently with almond oil every night. The circles will lighten soon. Alternatively, apply a paste of almonds and milk over dark circles and leave for ten to fifteen minutes.
Elevated Head Position for Dark Circles/Puffiness: Keep your eyes in elevated position by placing a couple of pillows under your head when you sleep. This helps in preventing puffiness of eyes due to accumulation of liquid.
Cold pack for Dark Circles: Place ice cubes wrapped in a cloth under the eyes. This cold therapy will help in reducing discoloration.
Adequate Sleep for Dark Circles: Inadequate sleep may cause dark circles. It is essential to complete atleast 8 hours of sleep everyday.
Adequate Hydration for Dark Circles: In condition of Dark circles it s essential to keep one hydrated by consuming atlas 8 to 10 glassfuls of water everyday.
Nutrition for Dark Circles: A well balanced diet is key to getting rid of Dark Circles. One must consume a diet rich in Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin K and Vitamin E.